With the causes of climate change, most people probably think of the coal industry, air travel, power plants, cars and maybe cow farts. Few people think of plastic as one of the culprits. But the fact is that plastic affects the climate at all stages of the production phase; from the extraction of oil or natural gas to production, as well as when it is burn off during disposal. In addition, plastic that ends up in nature and the marine environment also contributes to climate change, as a new study reveals. The study, carri out by researchers from the University of Hawaii, shows that commonly us types of plastic for everyday products contribute to climate change when they end up in nature.
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It happens by that the plastic’s physical molecular bonds are broken down over a long period of time due to, among other things, the sun’s UV radiation and the mechanical forces SMS Gateway Estonia of the sea. In that process, carbon is releas in the form of methane gas (CH4) from the plastic, which contributes to climate change and is even a more potent greenhouse gas than CO2. This source of climate change is not yet includ in the calculations when assessing global methane cycles, but is estimat to be significant. Plastic production times four About 99 percent of all plastic is produc from fossil fuels.
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Plastic production currently accounts for six percent of the global consumption of crude oil, which corresponds to the entire aviation sector’s consumption. And the six percent DP Leads does not even include the oil that is subsequently us for transport, processing, handling, etc. Plastic production is expect to quadruple globally by 2050, so if the current growth in plastic production continues, the plastics industry will by then account for 15 percent of total oil consumption globally. While other industries seek to replace our sources of fuel and energy with so-call green and renewable resources in the form of wind, solar and biomass, oil giants are not betting on a green transition, but a transition from oil to natural gas as a carbon resource to plastic.